Download e-book for iPad: Nondescriptive Meaning and Reference: An Ideational by Wayne A. Davis

By Wayne A. Davis

ISBN-10: 0199261652

ISBN-13: 9780199261659

ISBN-10: 1435622618

ISBN-13: 9781435622616

Wayne Davis provides a hugely unique method of the principles of semantics, displaying how the so-called "expression" concept of which means can deal with names and different frustrating instances of nondescriptive which means. the truth that recommendations have components ("ideas" or "concepts") is key: Davis argues that like different unstructured phrases, names suggest what they do simply because they're conventionally used to specific atomic or uncomplicated rules. within the technique he indicates that many pillars of up to date philosophical semantics, from dual earth arguments to the need of identification, are unfounded.

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Extra info for Nondescriptive Meaning and Reference: An Ideational Semantics

Example text

9, ‘9x(S believes that x is F)’ is not equivalent to ‘S believes that something is F’ as the latter is conventionally interpreted in English when the belief context is opaque. For example, if Johnny believes that Santa brought the presents, then ‘Johnny believes that someone brought the presents’ is true, but ‘9x(Johnny believes that x brought the presents)’ is false. The latter is false because ‘9x(x ¼ Santa)’ is false. ‘Johnny believes that someone brought the presents’ is true because some substitution instance of ‘Johnny believes that F brought the presents’ is true, that in which ‘Santa’ replaces ‘F’.

Any term co-extensive with ‘F’’ will describe what S is thinking of in the transparent sense, but only terms Thoughts 34 synonymous with ‘F’’ will describe what S is thinking of in the opaque sense (cf. 5). 27 This issue will not be important for us because we will be focusing on the opaque interpretation. That is, whenever possible, we will intend psychological claims to be fully opaque, unless we explicitly indicate otherwise. 3, S is thinking of F iff the idea of F is occurring to S, the Greek letter ‘F’ is a substitutional variable, with an implicit universal substitutional quantifier.

The function of the sentence is not to serve as an object of reference, but to introduce the proposition to be mentioned into the context. As a consequence, when we translate expressions of the form ‘the proposition that p’ into another language, we translate ‘p’ as well as ‘the proposition that’. When we translate ‘‘the proposition expressed by ‘p’ ’’, we do not translate ‘p’ but leave it in English. Furthermore, ‘the proposition that grass is green’ is a rigid designator, referring to the same proposition in every world, even worlds in which ‘grass is green’ does not express the proposition that grass is green.

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Nondescriptive Meaning and Reference: An Ideational Semantics by Wayne A. Davis

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