Natural Gas Reservoir Engineering by Chi U. Ikoku PDF

By Chi U. Ikoku

ISBN-10: 0894646400

ISBN-13: 9780894646409

Utilizing a platforms method, this article explores how a metamorphosis in any component to the sector creation approach impacts the functionality of alternative parts. It provides options and functions of reservoir engineering ideas necessary to the optimal improvement of traditional fuel reservoirs. themes comprise abnormally harassed gasoline reserves, fuel good checking out, and optimal fuel box improvement concepts.

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44, 1770 (1952). 44 PART I THE CHEMICAL PRINCIPLES OF WATER TREATMENT 32. W. A. , 26, C5760 (April, 1853). 33. H. L. Kahler and C. George, "Decreasing Cooling Water Corrosion," Petrol. Refiner, (July, 1955). 34. Cooling Wafer Nalco Chemical Company. 621 6 W. 66th Place, Chicago 38, Illinois (1 961 ). Part II THE ANALYSIS OF INDUSTRIAL WATERS Mineral Content In this section, procedures are provided for determining twelve common components in water : alkalinity, aluminum, chloride, chromium, copper, hardness, iron, phosphate, silica, solids, sulfate, and sulfite.

We will now examine the methods used to prevent corrosion in boilers. 'CURRENT FLOW' II 'Fig. 2. Two Stages of Air Bubble Pitting. A. OBJECTIVES IN TREATING FEED WATER FOR BOILERS (a) 29 REMOVAL OF OXYGEN Because of its corrosive effect, great care is taken to eliminate dissolved oxygen from boiler feed water. 4 ppm. 04 ppm. Overloading of deaerators may yield water containing larger concentrations of oxygen, however, so an excess of a reducing agent such as sodium sulfite is maintained, both in the feed water and in the boiler, to serve as an oxygenscavenger.

Chloride is often used to calculate percentage blowdown. The Mohr method, the procedure most often used, is subject to an error of three to five pprn, and is not an accurate method for controlling blowdown. The M-alkalinity of boiler water is not readily controllable, but may be established as a limit for blowdown in some circumstances. Phosphate and sulfite are mixed together and the resulting solution injected into the boiler; occasional chemical determinations are made to check the residual concentrations in the boiler water.

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Natural Gas Reservoir Engineering by Chi U. Ikoku


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