By James A. Beckford, Daniele Joly, Farhad Khosrokhavar
The expansion of Islam in Europe is mirrored within the expanding numbers of Muslims in British and French prisons, yet gurus have answered in a different way to the demanding situations provided by way of Muslim prisoners in each one nation. The findings of 3 years of extensive examine in numerous prisons convey that British prisons facilitate and keep an eye on the perform d of Islam, while French prisons discourage it and thereby sow the seeds of extremism. The coverage implications of those ironic findings are tested intimately.
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Additional info for Muslims in Prison: Challenge and Change in Britain and France (Migration, Minorities and Citizenship)
A number of assumptions underlie the prison environment, such as the need to hold inmates on tight reins since their background reveals a propensity to break rules and cause disruption. Although the prison institution as such is mostly accepted as legitimate by the rest of society, this is not necessarily the case for the majority of inmates. On the contrary, there is a tendency for them not to accept their situation. This is why prison authorities see the need to govern through the enforcement of discipline.
Remand prisoners’ issues remain subject to the decisions of the Juges d’Instruction (Investigating Magistrates) investigating their cases. The situation in England and Wales is strikingly different in so far as judges have virtually no involvement in sentence planning and other matters concerning the conditions in which prisoners serve their sentences. Instead, questions of parole, remission, visiting rights, complaints and discipline are a matter for governors and/or statutory bodies such as Independent Monitoring Boards (IMB), the Parole Board and the Prison Ombudsman.
In France, the paradigms of universalism and laïcité prohibit the recognition of any ethnic or religious minorities in the public domain. However, prejudice against North Africans and Muslims dominates the general context of prisons. Muslim inmates, in turn, have developed a strong sense of their group identity as the young men from the banlieues (rough suburbs); and they turn to their own interpretation of 38 Muslims in Prison Islam either for guidance and solace from their plight or as a reversal of the stigma that they suffer in the shape of radical Islam.
Muslims in Prison: Challenge and Change in Britain and France (Migration, Minorities and Citizenship) by James A. Beckford, Daniele Joly, Farhad Khosrokhavar