By Theodore Ziolkowski
Within the a long time surrounding global conflict I, spiritual trust receded within the face of radical new principles similar to Marxism, smooth technological know-how, Nietzschean philosophy, and significant theology. Modes of religion addresses either this decline of non secular trust and the hot modes of secular religion that took religion’s position within the minds of many writers and poets.Theodore Ziolkowski right here examines the reasons for this include of the secular, finding new modes of religion in paintings, escapist shuttle, socialism, politicized fable, and utopian visions. James Joyce, he finds, became to artwork as an break out whereas Hermann Hesse made a pilgrimage to India looking for enlightenment. different writers, reminiscent of Roger Martin du Gard and Thomas Mann, sought transitority solace in communism or delusion. And H. G. Wells, Ziolkowski argues, took shelter in utopian goals projected in one other measurement altogether.Rooted in cutting edge and cautious comparative analyzing of the paintings of writers from France, England, Germany, Italy, and Russia, Modes of religion is a severe masterpiece by way of a unusual literary student that provides an abundance of perception to someone attracted to the human compulsion to think in forces that go beyond the person. (20080301)
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Extra info for Modes of Faith: Secular Surrogates for Lost Religious Belief
Under Pryer’s tutelage, in which the naive Ernest fails to recognize the homoerotic element, he learns the tenets of the High Church: the role of the priest as spiritual guide, the need for confession, the requirement of theologians of the profane 31 celibacy, and the Bible as a stumbling block that can only confuse the laity (chap. 52). In his eagerness to put his new ideas into practice, he moves into a poor neighborhood near Drury Lane and entrusts Pryer with his small inheritance to support plans for a College of Spiritual Pathology.
He belonged to a family of ´ practicing Catholics, “with a very pious mother, the company of priests, of devout friends,”23 and observed the formalities of the church, taking communion and the sacraments at Easter. ”24 But as he walked away from the altar after his first communion—very much like Gosse shortly before the end of Father and Son— he suddenly felt a wave of sadness and disappointment because he had undergone no great spiritual transformation or interior illumination. This moment was the first fissure in his faith—a fissure widened by his intro´ duction to philosophy at the Ecole Fenelon, his acquaintance with Marcel ´ Hebert, and his reading in such contemporaries as Renan, Ibsen, and Hip´ polyte Taine.
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Modes of Faith: Secular Surrogates for Lost Religious Belief by Theodore Ziolkowski