Download e-book for kindle: Knowledge of Meaning: An Introduction to Semantic Theory by Richard K. Larson

By Richard K. Larson

ISBN-10: 026212193X

ISBN-13: 9780262121934

ISBN-10: 0262621002

ISBN-13: 9780262621007

ISBN-10: 0585038376

ISBN-13: 9780585038377

Many textbooks in formal semantics are all types of, or introductions to, an identical paradigm in semantic conception: Montague Grammar. "Knowledge of which means" relies on diversified assumptions and a distinct background. It offers the one creation to truth-theoretic semantics for typical languages, totally integrating semantic idea into the trendy Chomskyan programme in linguistic idea and connecting linguistic semantics to analyze somewhere else in cognitive psychology and philosophy. As such, it greater suits right into a smooth graduate or undergraduate programme in linguistics, cognitive technology, or philosophy. in addition, because the technical instruments it employs are a lot easier to coach and to grasp, "Knowledge of which means" should be taught through anyone who's now not basically a semanticist. Linguistic semantics should be studied as a stand-alone topic yet merely as a part of cognitive psychology, the authors assert. it's the learn of a specific human cognitive competence governing the meanings of phrases and words. Larson and Segal argue that audio system have subconscious wisdom in regards to the semantic ideas in their language, they usually current concrete, empirically influenced proposals a couple of formal conception of this competence in keeping with the paintings of Alfred Tarski and Donald Davidson. the idea is prolonged to quite a lot of buildings taking place in normal language, together with predicates, right nouns, pronouns and demonstratives, quantifiers, convinced descriptions, anaphoric expressions, clausal enhances and adverbs. "Knowledge of which means" provides equivalent weight to philosophical, empirical and formal discussions. It addresses not just the empirical problems with linguistic semantics but additionally its basic conceptual questions, together with the relation of fact to which means and the method of semantic theorizing. a number of workouts are integrated within the booklet.

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S Sl and S2] is true iff both Sl is true and S2is true b. [s Sl or S2] is true iff either Sl is true or S2 is true c. [s It is not the casethat S] is true iff it is not the casethat S is true d. [sIX] is true iff IXis true (for any elementarysentenceIX) Chapter 2 Third and finally , there are production rules, which licenseinferencesof certain specifiedkinds. Theseallow us to reason from the elementary and general semantic rules and to prove results using them. For PC we will adopt two production rules.

Rabbit refers to rabbits, and either dogs are shaggyor dogs are not shaggy. ' ' Similarly , a child acquiring the meaning of the structure [NPNP s N ] has available (27a) but also (27b), (27c), and an indefinite number of other hypotheses: ' (27) a. Rosas book refers to the book that Rosa has. ' b. Rosas book refers to the book that Rosa is. ' c. Rosas book refers to the book that Rosa has, and 2 is an even prime number. Incorporating (26b, c), (27b, c), or any other equally wrong axioms into the T theory will produce uninterpretive T theorems for sentencescontaining rabbit ' or the possessivestructure Rosas book.

B. [5 It is not the casethat [5 [5 Phil ponders] or [5 Chris agrees]]] is true iff it is not the casethat either Phil ponders or Chris agrees. Having two T sentencesis thus a consequencein PC of having two structural representations. Ambiguity of meaning follows from ambiguity of form . This general strategy of uniformly analyzing ambiguity as syntactic ambiguity can be applied to other examples from chapter 1. Thus the ambiguity of Mad dogs and Englishmengo out in the noonday sun can be ascribed to its having the two different structures in (36) : (36) a.

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Knowledge of Meaning: An Introduction to Semantic Theory by Richard K. Larson


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