By Evan Burr Bukey
Evan Burr Bukey explores the adventure of intermarried - marriages with Jewish and non-Jewish companions - and their teenagers in Vienna after Germany's seizure of Austria in 1938. those households coped with altering laws that disrupted relations lifestyles, pitted relations opposed to one another, and raised profound questions on non secular, ethnic, and nationwide identification. Bukey unearths that even though intermarried lived in a country of worry and nervousness, many controlled to mitigate, hold up, or perhaps get away Nazi sanctions. Drawing on vast archival examine, his research unearths how thousands of them pursued creative concepts to maintain their resources, to enhance their "racial" prestige, and primarily to defend the placement in their childrens. It additionally analyzes situations of intermarried companions who selected divorce in addition to people all in favour of illicit liaisons with non-Jews. Jews and Intermarriage in Nazi Austria concludes that even if such a lot of Vienna's intermarried Jews survived the Holocaust, numerous hundred Jewish companions have been deported to their deaths and youngsters of such have been usually subjected to Gestapo harassment.
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Extra resources for Jews and Intermarriage in Nazi Austria
Around the time of his arrival 22 23 24 Österreichisches Staatarchiv (ÖStA), Archiv der Republik (AdR), Gauakt: Heinrich Edmund Wamser. WSLA, A2, Box 2: Personalfragen, 12 February 1942. For examples, see WSLA, A3:241/57234; 241/50443; 241/50312. ”25 Given the large number of cases examined in this study, the many petitions of those appealing to Berlin for improvement of their racial status will be described and analyzed in the following categories: Nazi militants; minors; soldiers and war widows; individuals compelled to undergo pseudoscientific biological examinations; and a handful of fiancées seeking permission to marry a non-Jew.
21 In questioning a finding of “racial incompatibility,” most petitioners appear to have chosen one of two approaches: either to appeal through administrative channels to the Reich Kinship Office in Berlin, or to proceed through the local courts. Both paths turned out to be expensive, complicated, and time consuming. As the following tables reveal, fourfifths of the appellants followed the administrative route, quite possibly because Lösener’s office exempted dubious cases from legal discrimination until final judgment had been rendered.
For that reason, scrutiny of the documentation reveals much about the lives and attitudes of mixed families in Nazi Vienna, as well as the strategies many pursued to survive or to gain social acceptance in Hitler’s Reich. , 219–55. Surviving statistical information on those who contested their racial status in court is difficult to interpret. According to an internal memorandum prepared in 1943, some 533 persons filed papers between 1938 and 1942, but only 276 cases made it beyond the filing stage.
Jews and Intermarriage in Nazi Austria by Evan Burr Bukey