By Kevin Morgan
This ebook explores how the communist cult of the person used to be not only a Soviet phenomenon yet a global one. whilst Stalin died in 1953, the communists of all international locations united in mourning the determine that was once the incarnation in their reason. although its overseas personality was once one of many distinguishing positive factors of the communist cult of character, this can be the 1st prolonged learn to procedure the phenomenon over the longer interval of its improvement in a very transnational and comparative viewpoint. Crucially it's desirous about the internationalisation of the Soviet cults of Lenin and Stalin. however it additionally levels throughout various classes and nationwide instances to contemplate a much wider forged of bureaucrats, tribunes, heroes and martyrs who symbolised either resistance to oppression and the tyranny of the party-state. via learning the disparate ways that the cults have been manifested, Kevin Morgan not just takes in lots of of the top personalities of the communist stream, but additionally a few of the cultural luminaries like Picasso and Barbusse who sought to symbolize them. The cult of the person used to be probably the most interesting, troubling and revealing good points of Stalinist communism, and as reconstructed the following it deals new perception into one of many defining political events of the 20 th century.
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Extra info for International Communism and the Cult of the Individual: Leaders, Tribunes and Martyrs under Lenin and Stalin
5. Jean Garrigues, Les hommes providentiels. ’, European Review of History, 1 (1984), 169–77. 6 . Philippe Robrieux, Maurice Thorez. 442; Annie Kriegel, ‘Bureaucratie, culte de personnalité et charisme. 147–9. 7. Georges Mounin, ‘Le marxisme et les grands hommes’, NC, Dec. 1949, 17. In the original, Foster is misspelt. 8. On these divisions, a helpful overview is Michael David-Fox, ‘Multiple modernities vs. neo-traditionalism: on recent debates in Russian and Soviet history’, Jahrbücher für Geschichte Osteuropas, 55 (2006), 535–55.
41–56. 98. Two recent summaries thus refer interchangeably to leader and personality cults; see Rees, ‘Cult of personality’ and Daniel Leese, ‘Cult of personality and symbolic politics’. 63. Eduard Bernstein, Ferdinand Lassalle. 299. 24 K. MORGAN 64. Jochen Hellbeck, Revolution On My Mind. 28. On this issue, see Chap. 3 below. 65. 5. 66. Anssi Halmesvirta, ‘A foreign benefactor and a domestic liberator: the cults of Lenin and Mannerheim in Finland’, Scandinavian Journal of History, 34 (2009), 414–32.
Film, indeed, provides a useful gauge of Stalin’s appropriation of symbolic capital, and of the edging aside by his own decennial birthday markers of the anniversary of the revolution itself. In 1929, with so little notice, no films had been made for Stalin’s birthday. 104 What The Fall of Berlin also captures is the further reconfiguration of the national and the international in the politics of high stalinism. The victory depicted in film is one decided 40 K. MORGAN on the eastern front alone, and not only Hitler but Churchill and an ailing Roosevelt are produced as counterfoils to the imperturbable maestro of the Soviet war effort.
International Communism and the Cult of the Individual: Leaders, Tribunes and Martyrs under Lenin and Stalin by Kevin Morgan