Download e-book for kindle: History of the French Revolution from 1789 to 1814 by F. A. M. Mignet

By F. A. M. Mignet

ISBN-10: 1161435018

ISBN-13: 9781161435016

Bonaparte, who had destroyed the freedom of the clicking, created unheard of tribunals, and who had departed progressively more from the foundations of the revolution, felt that ahead of he went additional it was once essential to holiday solely with the liberal celebration of the 18th Brumaire. In Ventose, 12 months X. (March, 1802), the main lively of the tribunes have been brushed off by means of an easy operation of the senate. The tribunate used to be lowered to 80 participants, and the legislative physique underwent an identical purgation.

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From being despotic, it had become national, and it still had them all equally against it. Parliament had maintained a struggle for authority, and not for the public welfare; and the nobility had united with the third estate, rather against the government than in favour of the people. Each of these bodies had demanded the states-general: the parliament, in the hope of ruling them as it had done in 1614; and the nobility, in the hope of regaining its lost influence. Accordingly, the magistracy proposed as a model for the states-general of 1789, the form of that of 1614, and public opinion abandoned it; the nobility refused its consent to the double representation of the third estate, and a division broke out between these two orders.

Ascended the throne on the 11th of May, 1774. Finances, whose deficiencies neither the restorative ministry of cardinal de Fleury, nor the bankrupt ministry of the abbe Terray had been able to make good, authority disregarded, intractable parliaments, an imperious public opinion; such were the difficulties which the new reign inherited from its predecessors. , by his tendencies and his virtues, was best suited to his epoch. ; the morals of the new king were pure and his wants few; they demanded reforms that had become indispensable, and he appreciated the public want, and made it his glory to satisfy it.

The prince forsook him, though at the same time observing that Turgot and himself were the only persons who desired the welfare of the people: so lamentable is the condition of kings! Turgot was succeeded in 1776 in the general control of the finances by Clugny, formerly comptroller of Saint Domingo, who, six months after, was himself succeeded by Necker. Necker was a foreigner, a protestant, a banker, and greater as an administrator than as a statesman; he accordingly conceived a plan for reforming France, less extensive than that of Turgot, but which he executed with more moderation, and aided by the times.

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History of the French Revolution from 1789 to 1814 by F. A. M. Mignet

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