By Faye M. Getz
Originally composed in Latin through Gilbertus Anglicus (Gilbert the Englishman), his Compendium of Medicine used to be a chief textual content of the clinical revolution in thirteenth-century Europe. Composed customarily of medicinal recipes, it provided recommendation on prognosis, medicinal education, and diagnosis. within the fifteenth-century it used to be translated into center English to deal with a widening viewers for studying and scientific “secrets.”
Faye Marie Getz presents a serious version of the center English textual content, with an in depth advent to the realized, sensible, and social elements of medieval medication and a precis of the textual content in glossy English. Getz additionally attracts on either the Latin and center English texts to create an intensive thesaurus of little-known heart English pharmaceutical and scientific vocabulary.
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Additional resources for Healing and Society in Medieval England: A Middle English Translation of the Pharmaceutical Writings of Gilbertus Anglicus
139, also ff. 5859). The qualities of each humor are explicitly described: Blood is hot and moist (ff. 78-78v), choler is hot and dry (f. 48v), phlegm, cold and moist (f. 48v), melancholy, cold and dry (f. 49v). When the humoral cause of a disease has been determined by the "signs of the humors," treatment, usually by opposites, is advised. For example, if heat has xxxiv MIDDLE ENGLISH GILBERTUS ANGLICUS enfeebled the stomach, the patient should be cooled by opposites: "let him have rest, and sleep, and cold air.
The discovery of the true cause of a disease was the first step to treatment. But this was not always a straightforward process. A remote affliction could cause a symptom in another part of the body. For instance, "if the headache comes of the sickness of the stomach or of any other member, heal that sickness and then the ache will go away" (f. 50v). Each disease had its own special signs or symptoms. For example, a man dying of lethargy can be known because "a water leech will not stick to such a man to suck out his blood" (ff.
Collation of W with Add 30338 and SI 5, which represent two branches of the "family" of Middle English Gilbertus manuscripts, shows exactly what these omissions were, and the material that was left out is supplied in the Commentary to this edition. Two scribal cancellations make it possible to show that this omission took place in Wand not any earlier. The first is found in W, f. 56, where the word postern is followed by "of pat skynne pat a childe pat a childe is conceyvid yn" canceled in red.
Healing and Society in Medieval England: A Middle English Translation of the Pharmaceutical Writings of Gilbertus Anglicus by Faye M. Getz