By Stephen C. Levinson, David P. Wilkins
Spatial language - that's, the way in which languages constitution the spatial area - is a vital quarter of study, delivering insights into the most significant components of human cognition. during this assortment, a group of major students evaluation the spatial area throughout a wide selection of languages. opposite to latest assumptions, they express that there's nice version within the method house is conceptually dependent throughout languages, hence substantiating the debatable query of the way a ways the principles of human cognition are innate. Grammars of area is a complement to the mental info supplied in its spouse quantity, house in Language and Cognition. It represents a brand new type of paintings in linguistics, ’Semantic Typology’, which asks what are the semantic parameters used to constitution specific semantic fields. complete and informative, it is going to be crucial analyzing for these engaged on comparative linguistics, spatial cognition, and the interface among them.
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Additional info for Grammars of Space: Explorations in Cognitive Diversity
Scale may also be a relevant factor, so that objects on a table top may be described in a different frame from houses in a village. Where all three frames of reference are available, one can expect scale differences to play a role in which frame is normally used in which circumstances (although the restriction of the absolute frame to large-scale space is perhaps a European association). In summary, then, frame-of-reference coding in language can vary on many dimensions. Although there appear to be only three available frames, a language may draw on only one or two of them, each of them can be constructed in quite different ways, and usage of them may be combined and constrained in restricted ways.
Although some languages use all three, most languages make do with two frames of reference in everyday communication – in particular, many use either the relative or the absolute frame but not both. The intrinsic frame of reference is nearly always present, at least in some residual form. Where more than one frame of reference is available, each may have restrictions on its use – for example in Tenejapan Tzeltal, once objects are substantially separated in space, the intrinsic frame is dropped in favour of the absolute one.
Artwe-le thipe-ø arne-ke/apmere-ke are-me. ’ d. on INTENS camp-ABL antye-rlape-me. ’ Thus, the Arrernte locative case and the Warlpiri locative case do not have the same range of application. From a Warlpiri perspective, Arrernte requires three separate case forms – -le ‘LOC’, -ke ‘DAT’ and -nge ‘ABL’ – to denote different instances of the one notion, coincident location. 2 Of the three case forms used to express location of a ﬁgure at a ground, the locative case -le is the one with the basic core locational sense.
Grammars of Space: Explorations in Cognitive Diversity by Stephen C. Levinson, David P. Wilkins