By Simon Curtis
The re-emergence of town from the lengthy shadow of the nation within the late-twentieth century used to be facilitated by means of the kingdom itself. The unparalleled measurement and scale of latest worldwide towns and mega towns owe their stipulations of probability to a primary shift within the personality of political order on the point of the foreign method. This booklet argues that we needs to comprehend the increase of the worldwide urban as a part of a much wider technique of the transformation of foreign political order, and of the nature of foreign society.
Global towns are an inscription of the beliefs of a industry society in house, developed and defended on the point of foreign society. They include the ascendance of a collection of liberal rules at a undeniable second in background - a second regarding the hegemonic prestige of best states within the moment 1/2 the 20 th century, and the power of these states to form overseas norms. however the evolution of those city types has additionally mirrored the tendency for deregulated markets to generate inequality and polarisation: those positive aspects also are inscribed within the areas of worldwide towns. worldwide towns concentration and enlarge the tensions and contradictions in the modern foreign method, and develop into key strategic websites for struggles over social justice and the nature of political existence within the twenty-first century.
international towns and international Order demonstrates the importance of the re-emergence of towns from the lengthy shadow of the geographical region is far-reaching. merely by way of interpreting the mechanisms wherein towns became empowered within the previous few a long time will we comprehend their new capabilities and features in international politics.
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Extra resources for Global Cities and Global Order
Because practices are networked, so is their space . . the 18 Introduction space of the network society is made up of the articulation between three elements: the places where activities are located, the material communication networks linking these activities, and the content and geometry of the ﬂows of information that perform the activities in terms of function and meaning. (2004, 36) For Castells, the space of ﬂows becomes dominant over physical spaces, which do not, of course, disappear, but now receive their meaning from their functioning as nodal points within speciﬁc networks.
However, the view taken here is that there are novel features to contemporary global cities and that these are a function of the interaction of technological development and the society from which it emerges, and which it then goes on to shape. The image of Ny-Lon-Kong, with which this book began, is instructive here. This depiction of three separate cities as a functional whole only makes sense in a social setting where the previous limitations of physical space have been manipulated and modiﬁed.
These are seen as qualitatively different technologies from earlier, yet related, technological developments that also had the effect of redrawing the relationship between time and space in the late nineteenth century: the railways, the telegraph and telephone, cinematography. Where some have argued that the latest round of technological innovation simply follows in this lineage, Castells argues for its qualitative distinctiveness, and stresses the enhanced capacity it offers to process and communicate information in terms of volume, complexity, and speed.
Global Cities and Global Order by Simon Curtis