By Duncan Seddon
Fuel utilization and cost addresses matters occupied with the improvement and sale of ordinary gasoline assets. The textual content overviews the world’s fuel reserves and descriptions the relevant concerns referring to composition and the price of generating good head gasoline to make a specification product or extract specific parts; operation and price of fuel vegetation; and the price of transporting the gasoline to an end-user.
Separate chapters care for using fuel within the downstream technique industries. gasoline usages for varied applied sciences are defined and choices are severely compared.
Costs for the downstream approach industries are defined on a self-consistent foundation that permits comparability of possible choices. Estimates are awarded for every know-how at the expense of construction because the gasoline fee alterations. Case reports are incorporated to demonstrate diversifications or particular issues of relevance.
Provides a instruction manual for appearing cost-benefit estimates for gasoline utilization and for pricing fuel to the downstream processor;
Describes the entire primary makes use of of fuel, the volume and caliber of gasoline required, descriptions of the main concerns, and key gamers for particular applied sciences;
Can be used as a instructing textual content for gasoline improvement and utilization
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Additional info for Gas usage & value : the technology and economics of natural gas use in the process industries
Their gas-based industries are driven by very large LNG imports. China has very large gas reserves (53 Tcf), which are largely undeveloped. In 2002, of 660 cities, 649 had access to liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), but 163 cities used coke oven gas, with only 120 using natural gas. 25 This expansion will be achieved by both the development and transmission of the western gas reserves and by LNG imports on the eastern seaboard. Fig. 2–7. Asia-Pacific gas reserves (445 Tcf). Source: “Worldwide Report,” Oil & Gas Journal, December 2004.
0 GHL = gas hydrate layers; PD = pressure drop required to dissociate the hydrate Fig. 2–9. Methane hydrate equilibrium. Adapted from Makogon, Holditch, and Makogan. “Russian Field Illustrates Gas-Hydrate Production,” p. 43. indb 25 1/24/06 11:24:05 AM Gas Usage & Value Given a hydrate source, in order to develop the reserve, the temperature and pressure of the reserve have to be adjusted to a position outside the equilibrium line (lower right-hand section of the figure). There are three alternative approaches to developing the reserves: • Reduce the hydrate pressure below the hydrate equilibrium pressure.
21. “Myanmar’s Upstream Sector Hobbled by Pipeline Controversy, Poor E&D Results,” Oil & Gas Journal, June 26, 2000, p. 24. 22. “First Commercial Sales Flow from Malampaya Gas Plant, Pipelines,” Oil & Gas Journal, January 7, 2002, p. 58. 23. , et al. “Tight Schedule Prompts Staged Start up for Viet Nam’s First Gas Plant,” Oil & Gas Journal, September 25, 2000, p. 66. indb 29 1/24/06 11:24:06 AM Gas Usage & Value 24. , and R. Wang. “China’s Natural Gas Industry Awakening, Poised for Growth,” Oil & Gas Journal, July 5, 1999, p.
Gas usage & value : the technology and economics of natural gas use in the process industries by Duncan Seddon