By Professor Jeremy Black, Visit Amazon's Jeremy Black Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Jeremy Black,
A lot of the interval 1661-1815 seemed to be the age of France. France was once the best strength in Western Europe within the past due 17th and eighteenth centuries and Louis XIV and Napoleon appeared to dominate their sessions. but while Louis XIV died in 1715, and back after Napoleon's try and resume strength was once defeated at Waterloo a century later, France seemed as a waning strength. This failure in Europe used to be matched at the global scale. France was once overtaken by means of Britain within the fight for maritime predominance, and ended the interval along with her empire in ruins. From Louis XIV to Napoleon is a scholarly but obtainable account which considers why France was once no more profitable and throws mild on French background, diplomacy, struggle and the increase and fall of French strength.
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Additional info for From Louis XIV to Napoleon: The Fate of a Great Power
135 The Count of Vaulgrenant became a colonel before being appointed to Turin in 1732. He transferred as a lieutenant general to Madrid in 1734 and was a supporter of Chauvelin’s bellicose anti-Austrian policies. 137 A strong belief in the importance of the economy to the strength of the state, of the international competitiveness of economies, and of the need for state intervention and support, led to policies and attitudes later described as mercantilism. They predated Louis XIV, being particularly associated with Henry IV’s principal minister, Sully, in the 1600s, and with Louis XIII’s Cardinal Richelieu, but from the 1660s were pushed with great energy by Colbert.
Financial, military, religious and domestic political considerations could all be important. Ministers of war and generals played a major role in alliance diplomacy in wartime and could also be important in peacetime. Furthermore, those decisions that could be described as narrowly diplomatic were not protected from intervention by other ministers and advisers. 32 More generally, the ministry was not strong enough to provide an institutional insulation for the conduct of foreign policy, let alone for its formulation.
34 Ministerial divisions were related to clashes between French diplomats. 35 Personality also played a major role. 36 Such clashes were exacerbated by the extent to which envoys were accompanied by representatives of a more junior rank who often reported on them and/or disagreed with them, rather than co-operating. This was a particular problem at the time of the Revolution, but not only then. 37 Aside from clashes between diplomats, there were also serious differences between the premiers commis.
From Louis XIV to Napoleon: The Fate of a Great Power by Professor Jeremy Black, Visit Amazon's Jeremy Black Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Jeremy Black,