By Jean-Pierre Malrieu
Evaluate, from connotations to complicated decisions of price, is one of the such a lot overlooked measurement of that means. Calling for a brand new knowing of fact and cost, this e-book is a finished examine of evaluate in traditional language, at lexical, syntactic and discursive degrees. Jean Pierre Malrieu explores the cognitive foundations of evaluate and makes use of connectionist networks to version evaluative tactics. he is taking into consideration the social measurement of assessment, displaying that ideological contexts account for evaluative variability. A dialogue of compositionality and opacity results in the argument semantics of overview has a few key benefits over truth-conditional semantics and as an instance Malrieu applies his evaluative semantics to a posh Shakespeare textual content. His connectionist version yields a mathematical estimation of the consistency of textual content with ideology, and is very precious within the identity of sophisticated rhetorical units similar to irony.
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Extra resources for Evaluative Semantics: Cognition, Language and Ideology (Routledge Frontiers of Cognitive Science)
These rules reveal that discourse is not only the instrument, but also the object of power and desire. Internal procedures consist of the categories that regulate textual production: commentary, authorship, work, disciplines, doctrines, etc. Finally, there are also some conditions which bear upon people’s access to discourse, its exercise and its appropriation. However, the existence of systems of rarefaction does not imply that over and beyond them lie great vistas of limitless discourse, continuous and silent, repressed and driven back, making it our task to abolish them and to restore it to speech….
Ideology, within this theory, is a point, or a region of the social landscape, that is, both a point of conflict and domination, and a perspective on the social. Finally, there is a third metaphor, that of the field as a market. The field can be characterized as a ‘law of value’, which gives the ‘price’ which may be attributed to each discourse in each point of that field. This law of value is interiorized by the members of the field in the form of ‘tastes’ — like the ‘philosophical taste’ in the philosophical field (Bourdieu 1992).
This does not mean that there is, strictly speaking, a symbolic scarcity. The struggle for the appropriation of symbolic resources is not the consequence of an intrinsic limitation of the symbolic order. The rules bearing on the combination of signifiers do not significantly limit the generative capacity of this order. It is only when the purely symbolic constraints (grammatical, logical and argumentative rules for language and discourse) combine with the constraint of differentiation and conflictual opposition that one can talk of a discursive scarcity.
Evaluative Semantics: Cognition, Language and Ideology (Routledge Frontiers of Cognitive Science) by Jean-Pierre Malrieu