Download e-book for kindle: Encyclopedia of Buddhism, Volumes 1-2 by Robert E. Buswell Jr.

By Robert E. Buswell Jr.

ISBN-10: 0028659104

ISBN-13: 9780028659107

Delivering a entire assessment of 1 of Asia's most crucial non secular and social forces, the Encyclopedia of Buddhism describes the Buddhist global view, uncomplicated teachings and practices of Buddhism, in addition to its various faculties and sects. as well as containing entries on Buddhist scriptures, artwork, structure, saints, demons, monastic orders, fairs, rites and ceremonies, this 2-vol. set explores the historical past of Buddhism, the several types it has taken in several components of the area, and the way Buddhism has combined with different religions like Shinto, Confucianism, Daoism and Christianity.

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PRANKE ABORTION Abortion is the deliberate termination of pregnancy by mechanical or pharmaceutical means that result in the death of an unborn fetus. Since the death of the fetus is willfully caused, abortion is the subject of heated controversy. Just as Christians are divided in their opinions about abortion, Buddhists likewise present a range of views from unequivocal condemnation to active support. Between the extremes are various attempts to justify abortion without completely affirming it, or to question it without totally rejecting it.

This very process of analysis was identified with the insight that functions in religious praxis to cut off ensnaring factors and to cultivate those leading to liberation. Abhidharma analysis focused on refining these lists of factors and on investigating the problems that arise in using them to explain experience. Simple enumerations of factors found in the earlier sutras include the lists of five aggregates (skandha), twelve sense-spheres (ayatana), and eighteen elements (dhatu) that were used to describe animate beings, or the lists of practices and qualities that were to be incorporated into the set of thirty-seven limbs of enlightenment, whose cultivation results in the attainment of enlightenment.

Abhidharma views experience with a critical analytical eye, breaking down the gross objects of ordinary perception into their constituent factors or dharmas and clarifying the causal interaction among these discrete factors. This analysis was not, however, motivated by simple abstract interest, but rather by a soteriological purpose at the very core of Buddhist religious praxis. Analysis determines the requisite factors of which each event consists, distinguishing those factors that lead to suffering and rebirth from those that contribute to their termination.

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Encyclopedia of Buddhism, Volumes 1-2 by Robert E. Buswell Jr.


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