By Riccardo Soliani
This booklet explores the connection among fiscal inspiration, proposals for reform of political associations, and civil society within the interval among the increase to energy of Napoleon and the eve of the 1st global conflict in Italy and France – nations with the same cultural and political culture and with own mobility of the highbrow category. the 1st portion of the booklet is dedicated to the fight for id, justice, and liberty, together with its monetary dimensions. The relation among political and financial freedom and its influence on fairness is then addressed intimately, and the 3rd, concluding part specializes in the highbrow and political clash among the social visions of liberalism and socialism in a few of their a number of types, back with attention of the commercial implications. The comparative nature of the research, mixed with its interdisciplinary method of the heritage of financial and political inspiration and social heritage, will let the reader to appreciate extra sincerely the old evolution of every state and the proper modern political and fiscal issues.
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Extra info for Economic Thought and Institutional Change in France and Italy, 1789–1914: A Comparative Study
After all, the latter is the main characteristics of Romagnosi’s entire philosophy, where the economic problem never acquires a life of its own, but rather is always part of the more complex problem of favouring the “process” or maintaining the “state” of civilization. His more general concern is indeed to investigate the complexity of the human world, the causes of the development of human civilization, the interdependence of human needs. The laws that regulate this development and the measures that favour it must be investigated; all of these needs must be given “full and harmonious satisfaction”.
The rise of population from the beginning of the 18th century changes the prevailing types of contracts ruling agriculture. The historically prevailing contract was the masseria. The sharecropper had to give the 50 % of the annual harvest to the land-owner, and obtained the use of land and farmhouse. Gradually it changed to afﬁtto misto a grano e mezzadria. According to it, the landlord might pretend a ﬁxed quantity of grain per unit of surface. Then the farmer had to raise a greater quantity of grain and give up products essential to his family.
The (almost) general consensus is that his influence is unrivalled. His active collaboration to the group of the Conciliatore, his contributions to the Annali Universali di Statistica, the trials against him and restrictions to his intellectual activity appear to support this view. There is no doubt about it, also in consideration of the liberal and republican aspect of his thought. His very defence of the freedom of trade, by advocating the abolition of customs barriers between countries and Italian regions, sows the seeds for the Risorgimento.
Economic Thought and Institutional Change in France and Italy, 1789–1914: A Comparative Study by Riccardo Soliani