By Gennaro Chierchia
Within the Dynamics of that means, Gennaro Chierchia tackles imperative concerns in dynamic semantics and extends the final framework.Chapter 1 introduces the inspiration of dynamic semantics and discusses intimately the phenomena which have been used to inspire it, akin to "donkey" sentences and adverbs of quantification. the second one bankruptcy explores in higher intensity the translation of indefinites and concerns relating to presuppositions of strong point and the "E-type strategy." In bankruptcy three, Chierchia extends the dynamic method of the area of syntactic idea, contemplating various empirical difficulties that incorporates backwards anaphora, reconstruction results, and vulnerable crossover. the ultimate bankruptcy develops the formal process of dynamic semantics to house principal problems with definites and presupposition. Chierchia indicates that an technique in response to a principled enrichment of the mechanisms facing that means is to be most popular on empirical grounds over techniques that depend upon an enrichment of the syntactic apparatus.Dynamics of which means illustrates how doubtless summary stances at the nature of that means could have major and far-reaching linguistic effects, resulting in the detection of recent proof and influencing our knowing of the syntax/semantics/pragmatics interface.
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Extra resources for Dynamics of Meaning: Anaphora, Presupposition, and the Theory of Grammar
The NC reflects the idea that indefinites introduce something. In its present form, it is simply a formal condition on LF, with a status analogous to, say, the principles of the binding theory. To sum up, in this first implementation of the basic ideas of DRT, Heim adopts the following rules and conditions on LF: (85) a. b. c. d. Quantifier Construal Existential Closure Quantifier Indexing Novelty Condition Exercise I (a) Give the LFs for the following sentences: (i) If a man sees a donkey he sometimes beats it with a stick.
Once the semantics for DRTK is established, the semantics for English can take the form of a compositional translation of LF into DRTK . The evident homomorphism between the LF-structures generated by Heim's construal rules and the formal language of DRTK should make it intuitively clear that such a mapping will be easy to formulate. In the appendix to this chapter, I give both the semantics for DRTK and the mapping from LF into DRTK • Where does this leave us? Do we gain anything from the approach developed in the present section?
In particular, the fact that the scope of an indefinite appears to extend across conjuncts and multisentential stretches of discourse follows from the fact that their quantificational force in these cases stems from a text-level process of existential quantification. The chameleonic properties of indefinites in relative clauses and conditionals derives from the fact that what binds the indefinite in these cases is the quantifier associated with the head of the relative or the adverb of quantification.
Dynamics of Meaning: Anaphora, Presupposition, and the Theory of Grammar by Gennaro Chierchia