By C. Pursiainen
This quantity takes a comparative method of comprehend common traits in post-Communist transition in Russia and China. Bringing together perspectives from Political technological know-how, Sociology and IR, it analyses three arenas of social change: socio-economic platforms, political platforms, and overseas guidelines.
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Additional info for At the Crossroads of Post-Communist Modernisation: Russia and China in Comparative Perspective
The motivation for this model was geopolitical. Governance of the huge empire was thought to require authoritarian control. In this model of modernisation enforced from above, innovators were distanced from the people and entrepreneurs were not encouraged. Russia’s raw materials were exchanged for Western technological inventions that mainly benefited the bureaucratic and military sectors. Thus, although Russian capitalism basically developed independently on a national basis, its main features became dependence on the export of raw material, foreign capital and foreign debt, and foreign technology.
18–26. Ivan Krastev, ‘ Paradoxes of the New Authoritarianism,’ Journal of Democracy, Volume 22, Number 2 April 2011, pp. 5–16. Boris Yeltsin, ‘O Natsionalnoy Bezopasnosti. Poslanie Prezidenta Rossiyskoy Federatsii Federal’nomu Sobranomu’, Nezavisimaya Gazeta 14 June 1996, p. 7. shtml. ru/news/298. As put by the ‘chief regime ideologist’ and First Deputy Chief of Staff of the Presidential Executive Office Vladislav Surkov, ‘Russian Political Culture: The View from Utopia’, Russian Social Science Review, Volume 49, Number 6, November–December 2008, pp.
While the conservative strand of zapadnik thought approximated official Russian ideology, late nineteenth-century liberal zapadnik ideas provided the roots for revolutionary movements in Russia. This leftist movement drew explicitly upon West European political radicalism: first on French socialist ideas and later, Marxism. Originally, the leftist narodniks, like the earlier slavophiles, believed in ‘the Russian people’. To the disappointment of the narodniks the Russian peasantry did not live up to expectations, having no interest in revolution.
At the Crossroads of Post-Communist Modernisation: Russia and China in Comparative Perspective by C. Pursiainen