By Jane Fowler Morse
Examines the criminal and political info of faculty investment reform in ny, Vermont, and Ontario.
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Extra resources for A Level Playing Field: School Finance in the Northeast
Contrary to Madison’s view, the two-party system is entrenched in custom; many people even believe that it is enshrined in the Constitution. Unfortunately, the right of minorities to an equitable education has become more difficult to protect, despite Brown, since the Rodriguez court refused to accord education constitutional protection as a fundamental right. Jurists, scholars, and legal writers have suggested that an implicit right to an education could be construed as supporting explicit rights granted in the constitution, such as the right to participate in the political process, the right to due process, or the right to equal protection of the laws.
Many administrators are concerned with budgets and bond issues, hiring, school-community relations, buildings, and capital outlay, not innovative pedagogy or critical literacy, certainly not challenging the political and social status quo by promoting social 16 A Level Playing Field justice. Instead, their goal is static—to produce a few “meritocratic” leaders and a large, docile workforce. Their epistemology focuses on reproductive knowledge. 68 Funding has undergone little real reform. Legislatures sometimes cooperate with court mandates, but often they do not.
31 32 A Level Playing Field The state established an education system in 1795 and set up a trust fund to pay salaries of elementary teachers in 1812. By 1849 the state share of education costs was 52 percent. In 1900, the state created two categories of districts—those possessing more than $40,000 in assessed property valuation per pupil and those possessing less than $40,000; the latter received a higher allotment of state aid. 4 The report suggested reforming personal, property, and business taxes, reassessing property and redistricting to accomplish more equity, and setting a statewide tax rate based on what would “provide the richest district with all it needs” (Strayer and Haig, 171, 158–159, 166).
A Level Playing Field: School Finance in the Northeast by Jane Fowler Morse